STI Policy 2013 Review
Science, Technology and Innovation Policy 2013: A Review (Read Pdf)
Introduction Science, Technology and Innovation are the key elements driving a nation’s not only economic growth but overall development as well. In developing countries like India it becomes imperative to have a clearly defined policy which develops links between these three key elements. The Policy should bring Science, Technology and Innovation in the same page, thus making it a Science Technology and Innovation (STI) Policy.
Policies related to science and its development is not new to India, in fact India is among the very few nations which have been able to devise such policies as early as 1950’s. To be precise, in 1958 India came up with Scientific Policy resolution (SPR) focusing on development, promotion and sustenance of science and scientific research. With Technology still being flown from countries having established science infrastructure, India adopted Technology Policy Statement (TPS) in 1983, for building technological capability and competence. But still India was lacking in attaining their defined goals, primarily due to disconnect between Science and Technology, viewed separately in previous policy statements. Science and Technology Policy 2003 (STP) was the first step towards acknowledging their joint endeavours. It also emphasise the need for assimilating socio-economic factors with national R&D system along with creating a national innovation system.
STI policy 2013 encompasses features which were present in the previous related documents. STI becomes more influential from its previous counterparts not just by adding the word ‘Innovation’; it also demystifies the interaction between the three core elements. In STI policy 2013 innovation is defined as ‘S&T based solutions that are successfully deployed in the economy or the society’. Along with that STI policy focuses on inclusive growth, with the view of utilising huge talent pool in attaining national goals. In fact it goes by the statement “Science, Technology and Innovation for the people”, making Indian Society a major stakeholder in the national STI system.
It is not that the previous policies did not stress the role of Science, Technology and Innovation in building capabilities. However, it is their collective existence and incorporation of all three creating new values which differentiates STI policy 2013 from its previous counterparts.
Salient Features of STI Policy 2013
The most spelt out feature of STI policy 2013 is its inclusive approach with almost every policy initiative it tries to ensure access, availability and affordability. Positioning India among the top five global scientific powers by 2020 through establishing world class infrastructure for R&D for gaining global leadership in some elected areas of science.
- Encouraging private investments in R&D to a level of Public R&D investment via creating favourable environment for them operate.
- Linking R&D output to the societal and commercial applications by implementing successful models along with new PPP establishments.
- Increasing GERD to 2% of the GDP which is mentioned even in the objectives of 12th five year plan.
- Creating a robust National Innovation system.
- Building capability through attracting and retaining young and bright talent in Science, research and innovation.